Fact Check from State Senator Rodney Ellis

For Immediate Release
May 30, 2001
Contact: Jeremy Warren, (512) 463-0113

Mentally Retarded Offenders Executed in Texas

Since the death penalty was reinstated in 1977, 35 offenders with mental retardation have been executed nationwide. Six offenders with mental retardation have been executed in Texas.

Defendants with Mentally Retardation executed in the Texas since 1982

Name I.Q. Date of Execution Governor
Johnny Ray Anderson 70 May 17, 1990 Clements
Johnny Frank Garrett dual diagnosis/MI February 11, 1992 Richards
Billy Wayne White 66-69 April 23, 1992 Richards
Mario Marquez 65 January 17, 1995 Richards
Terry Washington 58-69 May 6, 1997 Bush
Oliver Cruz 64-76 August 9, 2000 Bush
(Execution presided over by Lt. Gov. Rick Perry)

Source: By Dr. Denis Keyes, William Edwards, Esq., & Robert Perske for the article, "People with Mental Retardation are Dying, Legally" from the Journal Mental Retardation, Feb. 1997, Vol. 35 No. 1; updated by the Death Penalty Information Center